Jaipur is the capital of Rajasthan and an integral part of Golden Triangle Tours. The city is home to several gems of the Rajput era. From beautiful palaces to colossal forts there are heritage sites all over the city. The state of Rajasthan is known for its rich culture, classical traditions, and warm hospitality. The people and the way of life in Jaipur reflect these qualities. Rajasthan tours are a study of culture as well as history. Jaipur is also renowned for its eateries as well as amazing shopping options. From traditional cuisine and goods to modern eateries and shopping malls, there is something forever choice here. Discover this fantastic city and explore these great sites that are some of the highlights India tourism.
- Amer Fort
- Nahargarh Fort
- City Palace
- Jantar Mantar
1. Amer Fort
Witness the grandeur of the bygone era by not just visiting this majestic fort but also relishing a unique elephant ride up the fort. The fort is steeped in history and one can easily get overawed by its legacy as well as its marvelous structures. The fort was built in 1592 by Maharaja Jai Sigh I over the remnants of an earlier structure. A UNESCO World Heritage Site, this red sandstone, and marble structure is a part of a town named Amer also known as Amber. The fort overlooks Maota Lake and is situated on a hilltop thus having a towering presence.
Suraj Pol is the entrance gate of the fort and elephant rides that begin at the bottom of the fort leave you here. One can also walk the distance or take other options like golf carts. The place is divided into four main sections and the entry gate leads to Jalebi Chowk in the courtyard which hosted army parades in the olden days. Ganesh Pol is the entry point into the private palaces of the Maharaja and it is a three-level structure with intricate frescos. Other features of the fort include a Suhag Mandir, Diwan-i-Aam or the public audience hall, Jai Mandir, and the beautiful Sheesh Mahal that has colored glasses and mosaics. A fourth courtyard called Zenana is also a work of great artistry.
Suggested Tour: Romantic Rajasthan Journey From Jaipur 09N / 10D
2. Nahargarh Fort
This majestic abode of tigers as the name signifies was built in 1734 is situated on the edge of Aravalli Hills along with the forts of Amer and Jaigarh. These three forts formed the defense ring of Jaipur during the Rajput era. Originally known as Sudarshangarh, Nahargarh implies to the ‘abode of tigers’. According to a legend, the fort was named so after the spirit of Nahar Singh Bhomia, a Rathore prince, that haunted the place and created trouble in the fort’s construction. Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II, the founder of Jaipur, consulted his spiritual guide named Ratnakar Paundrik who suggested naming the fort as Nahargarh to keep the spirit happy.
A great example of Indo-European architecture, the fort has many amazing structures like Tadi gate, a temple dedicated to the deity of rulers of Jaipur, a temple in honor of Nahar Singh Bhomia, Madhavendra Bhawan which is a two-story building with suites for the Maharaja and his queen, and Diwan-I-Aam. The fort was once a hunting residence for the kings. Two other impressive features of this fort are a wax museum and a Sheesh Mahal that is made of hand-cut glass. The latter also has glass floor which other Sheeh Mahals in the state do not have. A restaurant called Padao is also a popular choice among visitors.
3. City Palace
This beautiful palace was built between 1729 and 1732 by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II. Other rules of Jaipur later made additions to his original structure of outer walls. There are several palaces, gardens, and pavilions in this artistic masterpiece. City Palace’s history is closely associated with that of Jaipur and its rulers. The seven-story building Chandra Niwas is the most beautiful and glittering structure in the palace complex housing floors like Mukut Mahal, Sukh-Niwas, Ranga-Mandir, Chabi-Niwas, Shri-Niwas, and Pitam-Niwas. Floral Decorations, outstanding paintings, and artistic works on its walls make for a splendid viewing.
A fusion of the Islamic, Rajput and European architectural styles, the Mubarak Mahal meaning ‘Auspicious Palace’ is also a sight to behold. It also houses a fascinating museum that includes royal costumes like silk saris, Kashmiri pashminas, and embroidered shawls. Other structures that are worth exploring are Pitam Niwa’s gate, Leheriya gate, Diwan-i-Aam, and Govind Dev Ji temple.
Suggested Tour: Magical Rajasthan Tourism From Jaipur 14N / 15D
4. Jantar Mantar
Jantar Mantar is an astonishing astronomical observatory and one among a series of five structures built in Jaipur, New Delhi, Ujjain, Varanasi, and Mathura. The one in Jaipur is the largest and features several stunning instruments along with the world’s largest stone sundial. It was Maharaja Jai Singh II who oversaw the completion of this gigantic observatory in 1734. Apart from being an avid astrologer, he was also adept in mathematics, philosophy, architecture, and religion. Jantar Mantar is located opposite City Palace. The observatory features masonry, stone and brass instruments built using rules of Sanskrit Texts.
There are nineteen instruments here including the likes of Chakra Yantra, Dakshin Bhitti Yantra, Digamsha Yantra, Disha Yantra, Dhruva Darshak Pattika, Jai Prakash Yantra, Kapali Yantra, and Misra Yantra. A classic example of the Ptolemaic positional astronomy that is shared by many civilizations, Jantar Mantar remains a unique offering of a Jaipur city tour. The Jantars here have different names based on various astronomical calculations.